Make your own free website on Tripod.com

  Shiraz.com Shiraz Frohar
Home Shiraz Marvdasht about Achaemenid Achaemenid Art Site Map

 


Shiraz


 

Atiq mosque or Khoda Khane

The ancient Jami Mosque known also as the Jami or (Friday) mosque, is one of the oldest mosques in Iran and a relic of the days of the reign of Amr-ebn Leys, the Saffarid. It is a structure referred to many times in the writings of travelers such as the Ibn Battuta and Madame Dieulafoy.
The Saffarids were a people of Iranian stock who were originally from the province of Sistan.
During the course of their sovereignty, that is, from A.D.867 to 903, they did not neglect the construction of public buildings, of which the Jami Mosque, is a prime example despite the many conflicts they had with the Baghdad Caliphs and with local rivals. The construction of the Mosque was started in A.H. 281 (A.D. 894) as an act of thanksgiving following the victory of Amr Leys` forces over the armies of the Abbassid Caliph al-Movaffaq.
Through the years, the mosque has witnessed numerous catastrophes, as a result of which it has been rebuilt and restored many times, for example in the 12th and 13th century A.D., during the reign of the Atabak rulers of Fars, and in the 16th through 18th century A.D., during the Safavid epoch. The restoration of the Jami Mosque has continued during the auspicious reign of Pahlavi dynasty, with the cooperation of the Department of Archaeology and the charitable people of Fars province.
The Jami Mosque used to have six portals in different directions and numerous magnificent (Shabestans) or prayer-halls and chambers, some of which gradually fell into ruin and are no longer standing.
Formerly the (sahn), or the courtyard of the mosque was carpeted with marble, and there were stone basins in the vestibules wherein those entering the mosque would wash their feet before proceeding barefoot onto the courtyard. The most important portal of the mosque lies on the north side, and is known as (The twelve Imams).
Its piers and borders are of stone, and the rest is brickwork.
Both sides of the portal are decorated with glazed mosaic tiles.
The decoration consists of beautifully written verses from the Koran and (eslimi) or arabesque designs with flower-and-bird motifs.
Between this portal and the entrance of the mosque there is a hashti or (vestibule), around which a number of blind arches can be seen.
The ceiling of this section has been decorated with stalactites in a very interesting and appealing way, and is ornamented with Qorani verses on all four sides.
There is also an inscription from the Safavid period here, which is the work of the famous calligrapher, Ali Jowhari. In the corner of the inscription appears its date.

Back to the top

 

 


Atiq mosque
Atiq mosque